“All who mourn over [the destruction of] Jerusalem — will merit to see it in its joy.” (Ta’anit 30b)
At first glance, this statement seems peculiar. Why did the Sages say that those who mourn Jerusalem will merit seeing it be-simchata — ‘in its joy’? It would be more logical to say that they will merit seeing Jerusalem be-vinayana — restored and rebuilt. After all, our primary wish is for the rebuilding of Jerusalem.
Rav Kook explained as follows. Our Sages knew that when the time would come for Jerusalem to be rebuilt, everyone alive at that time will witness the city’s reconstruction. Even those who did not mourn Jerusalem’s destruction will see its rebuilding.
The Sages were precise in their words. Yes, many will see Jerusalem rebuilt. But only those who mourned Jerusalem’s destruction will merit to see the city “in its joy.” Only those who were grieved by its state of ruin will experience the tremendous simchah, the great outburst of joy, as Jerusalem is renewed and rebuilt.
Rejoicing in Jewish Sovereignty
In the exhilarating days following the 1920 San Remo conference, when the League of Nations adopted the Balfour Declaration, Rav Kook remarked:
“There are some Jews for whom international recognition of the Jewish people’s right to its land fails to inspire joy. This is because the primary focus of their mourning is the spiritual destruction of Jerusalem and Eretz Yisrael. The bitter humiliation of the Land of Israel being subjected to foreign rule does not trouble them.
“But for those who always felt a deep sorrow, not only for the destruction of Jerusalem and the desolation of the Land, but for the absence of Jewish sovereignty in our land… the international declaration that the Land of Israel must return to the people of Israel is a source of joy. These individuals merit “to see Jerusalem in its joy.”
Repairing the Sin of the Spies
Rav Kook’s dictum for the month of Av also speaks of our joy in witnessing the initial steps of Redemption:
“The nation’s jubilation over sparks of redemption — this will rebuild that which baseless crying destroyed.”
‘Baseless crying’ — bechiyah shel chinam — refers to the spies who spoke against the Land of Israel and led the people to despair and weep in vain. What is the tikun for this sin? How do we correct their futile cries of hopelessness?
The tikun, Rav Kook expained, is with teshuvat hamishkal, with good that counterbalances the evil. We must demonstrate joy and excitement — “the nation’s jubilation” — as the land of Israel is rebuilt, stone by stone.
We need not wait until the final stages of Redemption to feel this joyous excitement. Even if the redemption is only partial — even if there are only “sparks of redemption” — we should still experience great joy, and work toward expediting the process with all our strength.
As Rabbi Yehuda HaLevi wrote at the end of his book Sefer HaKuzari:
“Jerusalem will not be rebuilt until the Jewish people will yearn for it with an utmost longing; until they cherish its very stones and dust.”
(Adapted from Mo’adei HaRe’iyah, pp. 567-568)